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Malbork Castle-Poland-

Malbork Castle-Poland- - arquitecture, castles, poland, malbork, medieval
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spanish_girl Uploaded by spanish_girl on . Malbork Castle-Poland- - Desktop Nexus Architecture Download free wallpapers and background images: Malbork Castle-Poland-. Desktop Nexus Architecture background ID 40838. Rating: 4.8

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GuestPosted by Tej (Guest) on 04/04/09 at 08:26 AM
Malbork Castle Poland The castle was founded in 1274 by the Teutonic Order during their government in Prussia and is located on the Southeastern bank of the river Nogat. It was named Marienburg after the Virgin Mary, patron saint of the Order.

The Order had been based in Acre, but when this last stronghold of the Crusades fell, the Order had to move its headquarters to Venice. In 1309, in the wake of both the papal persecution of the Knights Templar as well as the Teutonic takeover of Danzig, the Order under Siegfried von Feuchtwangen moved its headquarters into the Prussian part of their monastic state. They chose the Marienburg, conveniently located at the Nogat, in the Vistula Delta, which allows access by ship.

The castle was expanded several time to host the growing number of Knights, and became the largest fortified Gothic building in Europe, featuring several sections and walls. It comprises three separate sections- the High, Middle and Low Castles, separated by multiple dry moats and towers. The castle once housed approximately 3,000 "brothers in arms", and the outermost castle walls enclose 52 acres (210,000 m²), four times larger than the enclosed space of Windsor Castle.

The favourable position of the castle on the river Nogat and its relatively flat surrounding allowed for easy access by barges and trading ships, from the Vistula and the Baltic Sea. During their governance, the Teutonic Knights collected river tolls on passing ships, as did other castles along the rivers, imposing a monopoly on the trade of amber. When the city became a member of the Hanseatic League, many Hanseatic meetings were held at the Marienburg.

In summer of 1410, the castle was besieged following defeat at the Battle of Grunwald, but Heinrich von Plauen successfully led the defense of the castle during the Siege of Marienburg (1410) during which the city itself was razed.

In 1456, during the Thirteen Years' War started by a rebellion of the cities organized as Prussian Confederation, the Order, deserted and opposed for having implemented taxes in order to pay the high ransom for prisoners taken by the Polish king, could not pay its mercenary troops after two years of warfare. Hochmeister Ludwig von Erlichshausen moved the seat of the Order to Königsberg, and handed over possession of the castle to the soldiers from Bohemia, as a substitute for their wages. The mercenaries left after having sold the castle to King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland, who thus acquired the castle neither he nor his predecessor could conquer by force. He entered the castle triumphantly in 1457 without opposition.

Under mayor Bartholomäus Blume, the city itself resisted the Polish onslaught for an additional three years, until he himself was captured and hanged in 1460. A monument to him was erected in 1864[1]. Castle and town became part of Royal Prussia in 1466, and served as one of the several Polish royal residences. During the Thirty Years' War, in 1626 and 1629, Swedes occupied the castle, and again from 1656 to 1660 in The Deluge (Polish history) during the Northern Wars.
Eremit
Posted by Eremit on 02/09/09 at 04:06 AM
Here is a good castle master.
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Wallpaper Statistics

Total Downloads: 1,785
Times Favorited: 10
Uploaded By: spanish_girl
Date Uploaded: February 06, 2009
Filename: bork-Castle-Poland-.jpg
Original Resolution: 1024x768
File Size: 203.69KB
Category: Medieval

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